Specifics of forming and advantages of development of the innovative processes in agricultural enterprises
The research focuses on the specifics of forming and advantages of development of the innovative processes in agricultural enterprises. The agrarian enterprises account for almost one third of gross domestic product nowadays. But at the same time, agro-industrial production in Ukraine is lagging behind the European Union for productivity and efficiency. The search for such innovative solutions becomes extremely urgent, which would ensure the increasing of the efficiency of the functioning of the agrarian sphere, the rational using of natural resources and the increasing of the productivity of plant growing and animal husbandry in the conditions of limited natural resources. At present time, the constant implementation of the latest developments is the key of the sustainable development of agriculture. The expediency and necessity of introduction and realization of the advanced innovative and technological processes for the development of agro-industrial production and the obtaining of economic and social effect are determined. As a result of generalization of information on the essence and role of agroinnovations, the peculiarities of their implementation in the agrarian sector, the main directions of using the innovative technologies and factors that hinder their implementation are revealed. On the basis of the research of a set of indicators and factors it was found out, that the agricultural enterprises at a low rate make the transfer of innovation to their daily work, which naturally leads to the decreasing the quality of work. This is due to the low level of forming the huge agrarian enterprises and weak integration of farms. As a consequence, there is the inefficiency of using the modern expensive technologies and technical means of production. The using of innovations and technical and technological developments in the agrarian sector will allow increasing the competitive advantages, improving the efficiency of production and economic activity in general, because the agrarian sector in economically 217 developed countries is gradually transforming to the science-intensive industry of production. On the basis of the research, it was found that effectuation of a more extensive policy of implementation and realization of innovations will provide the increasing of the efficiency of the functioning of the agrarian sphere, as well as will promote the rational using of natural resources and the increasing of the productivity of plant growing and animal husbandry in the conditions of limited natural resources.
Zapirchenko, L. D. Specifics of forming and advantages of development of the innovative processes in agricultural enterprises / L. D. Zapirchenko, T. F. Riabovolyk, I. O. Tsarenko // Prognostication and planning of economic development: microeconomic and macroeconomic levels : multi-authored monograph. – Kaunas, 2019. – Vol. 1. - P. 216-226.